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A last chance to save Australia's Great Barrier ReefThe Independent UK | 02 Dec 2013
The spring spawning of coral on the Great Barrier Reef is a grand affair, with vast expanses of the Pacific Ocean turning red as millions of sperm and eggs are released, in a spectacle that is visible from space.
Where we are now with Corals of the World (blog)The Ocean Foundation | 02 Dec 2013
Corals of the World is a project that began with a five-year effort to put together what became a 3-volume hard copy encyclopaedia with photographs illustrating the global diversity of corals, published in 2000. Yet that massive task was just the beginning—obviously we needed an interactive on-line, updateable, open-access system that included two major components: Coral Geographic and Coral Id.
Large study shows pollution impact on coral reefs -- and offers solutionEurekAlert | 26 Nov 2013
(Oregon State University) One of the largest and longest experiments ever done to test the impact of nutrient loading on coral reefs today confirmed what scientists have long suspected -- that this type of pollution from sewage, agricultural practices or other sources can lead to coral disease and bleaching. But there was unexpectedly good news - when you cleaned up the water, the corals recovered.
Science Weekly podcast: Dr Michael Sweet on why corals catch coldsGuardian Unlimited | 18 Nov 2013
In this week's podcast Alok Jha meets marine biologist Dr Michael Sweet, lead researcher in the Coral Health and Disease Laboratory at Derby University, UK. In the week when climate talks took place in Poland and scientists sounded serious warnings about sea acidification, Dr Sweet discussed the importance of coral reefs to marine ecology and why coral is under attack not just from acidification but also from pathogens in the coral triggered by rising sea temperatures.
Safety in numbers? Not so for coralsEurekAlert | 15 Nov 2013
Traditionally, it was assumed that corals do not face a risk of extinction unless they become very rare or have a very restricted range. A team of scientists from the University of Hawaii and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has revealed that global changes in climate and ocean chemistry affect corals whether scare or abundant, and often it is the dominant, abundant corals with wide distributions that are affected the most.
New study suggests coral reefs may be able to adapt to moderate climate changeEurekAlert | 30 Oct 2013
(NOAA Headquarters) Coral reefs may be able to adapt to moderate climate warming, improving their chance of surviving through the end of this century, if there are large reductions in carbon dioxide emissions, according to a study funded by NOAA and researched by the agency's scientists and its academic partners. Results further suggest corals have already adapted to part of the warming that has occurred.
The Reef: A Passionate History, by Iain McCalman (book review)Guardian Unlimited | 29 Oct 2013
McCalman's tone shifts from the boy's own adventure, scientific excitement and scamming of early encounters, to dizzying disaster-epic suspense. But never for a moment does his literary skill falter. His detailed explanation of marine science is a model of translation for the layman.
Coral chemicals protect against warming oceansEurekAlert | 24 Oct 2013
Australian marine scientists have found the first evidence that coral itself may play an important role in regulating local climate.They have discovered that the coral animal--not just its algal symbiont--makes an important sulphur-based molecule with properties to assist it in many ways, ranging from cellular protection in times of heat stress to local climate cooling by encouraging clouds to form.
Coral recruitment: the critical role of early post-settlement survivalOxford Journals | 14 Oct 2013
Coral recruitment is a pivotal factor in coral reef stability and in recovery following substantial disturbances. Despite its immense importance, the study of coral recruitment has some major gaps, notably larval survival before and following settlement, mainly due to technical limitations, which stem from the difficulty in observing the minute larvae.
Threatened Marine Ecosystems Get Boost from US$4.5 Million Grant from the GEFcoraltriangleinitiative.org | 09 Oct 2013
The World Banks Board of Executive Directors today approved a project on September 30, 2013 to support the Capturing Coral Reef and Related Ecosystem Services Project, with US$4.5 million in grant funding provided by the Global Environment Facility (GEF). This regional project will design innovative models for valuing mangrove, sea grass and coral reef ecosystems services to inform policy and decision making for improved environmental stewardship of these critical resources.
Who's Watching Our Ocean Parks?The Ocean Foundation | 08 Oct 2013
Marine Protected Areas are one of the most promising solutions for the survival of coral reefs and the many benefits they provide to people.
Eilat's corals stand better chance of resilience than other sitesEurekAlert | 01 Oct 2013
Israel's southern Red Sea resort of Eilat, one of whose prime attractions is its colorful and multi-shaped underwater coral reefs, may have a clear advantage in the future over rival coral-viewing sites around the world, scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Bar-Ilan University have found.
Overfishing of sharks is harming coral reefsEurekAlert | 23 Sep 2013
(University of Toronto) A team of scientists from Canada and Australia has discovered that a decline in shark populations is detrimental to coral reefs.
Coral reefs suffer as the relentless hunt for shark fins takes its tollGuardian Unlimited | 19 Sep 2013
The rampant overfishing of sharks, often solely for their fins, is causing a damaging chain reaction that could significantly degrade coral reef systems, a decade-long Australian-led study has found. Scientists from Australia and Canada, led by the Australian Institute of Marine Science, discovered that the removal of sharks from two remote reef systems led to a sharp decline in the number of fish that help keep coral healthy.
Establishing world-class coral reef ecosystem monitoring in OkinawaEurekAlert | 17 Sep 2013
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution researchers, working in partnership with the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, have developed the Ocean Cube Observatory System, a marine observatory system installed in waters off Motobu Peninsula, Japan -- a biodiversity hotspot that is home to ecologically significant coral reefs. The system enables real-time monitoring of temperature, salinity, and other chemical, biological and physical data.
Establishing World-class Reef Ecosystem Monitoring in OkinawaWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution | 16 Sep 2013
Enduring two typhoons over a three-week period in August, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) researchers, working in partnership with the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), have successfully deployed an OceanCube Observatory System in waters off Motobu Peninsula, Japan -- a biodiversity hotspot that is home to ecologically significant coral reefs.
Viruses associated with coral epidemic of 'white plague'EurekAlert | 13 Sep 2013
(Oregon State University) They call it the "white plague," and like its black counterpart from the Middle Ages, it conjures up visions of catastrophic death, with a cause that was at first uncertain even as it led to widespread destruction -- on marine corals in the Caribbean Sea. Now, at least, one of the causes of this plague has been found.
Coral Triangle Atlas Presents Maps of Regional ChangeInternational Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) | 09 Sep 2013
The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security (CTI) has released an online GIS database of maps on environmental and economic change in the coastal and marine zones of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste.