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Research (Page 2)
Experts say the IPCC underestimated future sea level riseGuardian Unlimited | 04 Dec 2013
It looks like past IPCC predictions of sea level rise were too conservative; things are worse than we thought. That is the takeaway message from a new study out in Quaternary Science Reviews and from updates to the IPCC report itself. The new study, which is also discussed in depth on RealClimate, tries to determine what our sea levels will be in the future.
Antarctic fjords are climate-sensitive hotspots of diversity in a rapidly warming regionEurekAlert | 03 Dec 2013
(University of Hawaii at Manoa) In the first significant study of seafloor communities in the glacier-dominated fjords along the west Antarctic Peninsula, scientists expected to find an impoverished seafloor highly disturbed by glacial sedimentation, similar to what has been documented in well-studied Arctic regions. Instead, they found high levels of diversity and abundance in megafauna.
Oyster patent wins professor Inventor of the Year AwardWorld Fishing | 03 Dec 2013
Professor Stan Allen of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) and colleague Ximing Guo from Rutgers University have received the Inventor of the Year Award from the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame.
SU biologist develops method for monitoring shipping noise in dolphin habitatEurekAlert | 02 Dec 2013
(Syracuse University) A biologist in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences has developed a system of techniques for tracking ships and monitoring underwater noise levels in a protected marine mammal habitat. The techniques are the subject of a groundbreaking article in Marine Pollution Bulletin, focusing on the bottlenose dolphin population in Scotland's Moray Firth.
Arctic study shows key marine food web species at risk from increasing CO2EurekAlert | 02 Dec 2013
(University of Exeter) A research expedition to the Arctic, as part of the Catlin Arctic Survey, has revealed that tiny crustaceans, known as copepods, that live just beneath the ocean surface are likely to battle for survival if ocean acidity continues to rise. The study found that copepods that move large distances, migrating vertically across a wide range of pH conditions, have a better chance of surviving.
Plastic 'a threat' to biodiversityBBC | 02 Dec 2013
Tiny particles of waste plastic that are ingested by shoreline "eco-engineer" worms could have an adverse impact on biodiversity, a study shows.
Mounting microplastic pollution harms 'earthworms of the sea' - reportGuardian Unlimited | 02 Dec 2013
Tiny bits of plastic rubbish ingested by marine worms is significantly harming their health and will have wider impact on ocean ecosystems, scientists have found. Microplastic particles, measuring less than 5mm in size, have been accumulating in the oceans since the 1960s and are now the most abundant form of solid-waste pollution on Earth.
Where we are now with Corals of the World (blog)The Ocean Foundation | 02 Dec 2013
Corals of the World is a project that began with a five-year effort to put together what became a 3-volume hard copy encyclopaedia with photographs illustrating the global diversity of corals, published in 2000. Yet that massive task was just the beginning—obviously we needed an interactive on-line, updateable, open-access system that included two major components: Coral Geographic and Coral Id.
Ocean acidity is increasing at an unprecedented rateUNESCO | 29 Nov 2013
The unprecedented rate of ocean acidification is one of the most alarming phenomena generated by climate change and the only way to mitigate the dangers it represents consists in reducing CO2 emissions significantly.
Jurassic clues to current declining size of marine lifefishupdate.com | 28 Nov 2013
Data collected by a scientist now at the University of Liverpool has predicted a dramatic decline in the size of marine animals used as food by humans, due to reduced oxygen levels in the oceans.
Lakes discovered beneath Greenland ice sheetEurekAlert | 27 Nov 2013
(University of Cambridge) The study, published in Geophysical Research Letters, discovered two subglacial lakes 800 meters below the Greenland Ice Sheet. Subglacial lakes are likely to influence the flow of the ice sheet, impacting global sea level change. The discovery of the lakes in Greenland will also help researchers to understand how the ice will respond to changing environmental conditions.
Large study shows pollution impact on coral reefs -- and offers solutionEurekAlert | 26 Nov 2013
(Oregon State University) One of the largest and longest experiments ever done to test the impact of nutrient loading on coral reefs today confirmed what scientists have long suspected -- that this type of pollution from sewage, agricultural practices or other sources can lead to coral disease and bleaching. But there was unexpectedly good news - when you cleaned up the water, the corals recovered.
Seahorses stalk prey by stealthBBC | 26 Nov 2013
Seahorses' peculiar snouts and strange swimming style allow them to sneak up on prey undetected, a new video shows.
The Decline and Fall of the Emperor Penguin?Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution | 22 Nov 2013
At nearly four feet tall, the Emperor penguin is Antarcticas largest seabird—and thanks to films like March of the Penguins and Happy Feet, its also one of the continents most iconic. If global temperatures continue to rise, however, the large colony of emperor penguins in Terre Adélie in East Antarctica may eventually disappear, according to a study led by researchers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI).
New online fisheries science research libraryWorld Fishing | 21 Nov 2013
The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) has launched a new online fisheries science research library which will provide open access to the science that underpins the organisation's standards.
Amateur divers share species data through GBIFgbif.org | 19 Nov 2013
Species observations from thousands of scuba divers all over the world are now freely accessible via the GBIF portal. The citizen science platform Diveboard has published over 15,000 records from the electronic log books submitted by its community of nearly 100,000 registered divers.